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Viewing cable 09STATE37561, S) REPORTING AND COLLECTION NEEDS: AFRICAN GREAT

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
09STATE37561 2009-04-16 14:02 2010-11-28 18:06 SECRET//NOFORN Secretary of State
INFO  LOG-00   EEB-00   AF-00    AGRE-00  VIN-00   AID-00   AMAD-00  
      COME-00  CTME-00  INL-00   DODE-00  DOTE-00  PERC-00  DS-00    
      DHSE-00  EUR-00   OIGO-00  FAAE-00  FBIE-00  VCI-00   FO-00    
      FRB-00   H-00     TEDE-00  IO-00    LAB-01   L-00     CAC-00   
      MOFM-00  MOF-00   CDC-00   VCIE-00  NEA-00   DCP-00   NSAE-00  
      ISN-00   OES-00   OIC-00   OMB-00   NIMA-00  CAEX-00  MCC-00   
      PM-00    GIWI-00  PPT-00   SGAC-00  ISNE-00  DOHS-00  FMPC-00  
      SP-00    IRM-00   DPM-00   EVR-00   NCTC-00  CBP-00   BBG-00   
      R-00     EPAE-00  SCRS-00  PMB-00   DSCC-00  PRM-00   DRL-00   
      G-00     SAS-00   DTT-00   FA-00    SWCI-00    /001R

    
R 161411Z APR 09
FM SECSTATE WASHDC
TO AMEMBASSY BUJUMBURA 
AMEMBASSY KAMPALA 
AMEMBASSY KIGALI 
AMEMBASSY KINSHASA 
INFO DIA WASHINGTON DC//DHI-1B/CLM//DP//
CIA WASHINGTON DC//NHTC// 0000
S E C R E T STATE 037561 
 
 
NOFORN 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 04/16/2034 
TAGS: PINR KSPR ECON KDEM KHIV ZF XA CF RW BY
SUBJECT: (S) REPORTING AND COLLECTION NEEDS: AFRICAN GREAT 
LAKES (DROC, BURUNDI, RWANDA) 
 
REF: A. 08 KIGALI 00830--05/DEC/2008 
     B. 08 STATE 122706--19/NOV/2008 
     C. 04 STATE 101403--06/MAY/2004 
 
Classified By: SUZANNE MCCORMICK, DIRECTOR, INR/OPS,  REASON: 1.4(C). 
 
1. (S/NF) This cable provides the full text of the new 
National HUMINT Collection Directive (NHCD) on African Great 
Lakes (paragraph 3-end) as well as a request for continued 
DOS reporting of biographic information relating to DROC, 
Burundi, and Rwanda (paragraph 2). 
 
A. (S/NF) The NHCD below supersedes the NHCD contained in Ref 
C and reflects the results of a recent Washington review of 
reporting and collection needs announced in Ref B focused on 
African Great Lakes.  The review produced a comprehensive 
list of strategic priorities (paragraph 3) and reporting and 
collection needs (paragraph 4) intended to guide 
participating USG agencies as they allocate resources and 
update plans to collect information on African Great Lakes. 
We thank Kigali for its Ref A input.  The priorities should 
also serve as a useful tool to help the Embassy manage 
reporting and collection, including formulation of Mission 
Strategic Plans (MSPs). 
 
B. (S/NF) This NHCD is compliant with the National 
Intelligence Priorities Framework (NIPF), which was 
established in response to NSPD-26 of February 24, 2003.  If 
needed, GRPO can provide further background on the NIPF and 
the use of NIPF abbreviations (shown in parentheses following 
each sub-issue below) in NHCDs. 
 
C. (S/NF) Important information often is available to 
non-State members of the Country Team whose agencies 
participated in the review of this National HUMINT Collection 
Directive.  COMs, DCMs, and State reporting officers can 
assist by coordinating with other Country Team members to 
encourage relevant reporting through their own or State 
Department channels.  We appreciate Ref A response from 
Kigali. 
 
2. (S/NF) State biographic reporting: 
 
A. (S/NF) The intelligence community relies on State 
reporting officers for much of the biographical information 
collected worldwide.  Informal biographic reporting via email 
and other means is vital to the community's collection 
efforts and can be sent to the INR/B (Biographic) office for 
dissemination to the IC. 
 
B. (S/NF) Reporting officers should include as much of the 
following information as possible when they have information 
relating to persons linked to African Great Lakes: office and 
organizational titles; names, position titles and other 
information on business cards; numbers of telephones, cell 
phones, pagers and faxes; compendia of contact information, 
such as telephone directories (in compact disc or electronic 
format if available) and e-mail listings; internet and 
intranet "handles", internet e-mail addresses, web site 
identification-URLs; credit card account numbers; frequent 
flyer account numbers; work schedules, and other relevant 
biographical information. 
 
3. (S/NF) Priority issues and issues outline: 
 
    I. Regional Issues 
 
        A. Democratization and Political Stability 
            1) Leadership Dynamics (DEPS) 
            2) Rebel and Militia Groups (SRCC) 
            3) Democracy and Governance (DEPS) 
            4) Political Opposition (DEPS) 
        B. Military and Security 
            1) Military Developments (FMCC) 
            2) Weapons Procurement (FMCC) 
            3) Police and Paramilitary Forces (CINT) 
            4) GRPO can provide text of this issue. 
            5) Support to US Military Contingency Planning 
(HREL) 
            6) Terrorism (TERR) 
        C. Societal Challenges 
            1) Refugees (DEMG) 
            2) Human Rights and War Crimes (HRWC) 
            3) Infectious Disease and Health (HLTH) 
            4) Food Security and Agriculture (FOOD) 
            5) Economic Stability (ECFS) 
        D. External Relations 
            1) Regional Relations (SRCC) 
            2) International Relations (FPOL) 
        E. Overarching Issues 
       1) Media Structure and Availability (INFR) 
       2) Information Systems and Telecommunications 
Infrastructure (INFR) 
 
    II. Country-Specific Issues 
 
        A. Mineral Resources (ENVR) 
        B. Genocidal Legacy Issues (HRWC) 
 
4. (S/NF) Reporting and collection needs: 
 
I. Regional Issues 
 
        A. Democratization and Political Stability 
 
            1) Leadership Dynamics (DEPS) 
 
-- Leadership dynamics and decision-making processes of key 
civilian and military officials; influence of corruption and 
patronage in decision-making. 
-- Status of relations among top leaders of African Great 
Lakes countries, especially Kigali and Kinshasa, and Kampala 
and Kinshasa. 
-- Plans and intentions regarding political succession, 
including post-election transitions; indications of coup 
plotting. 
-- Leader influence on popular opinion and popular sentiments. 
-- Influence on government leadership of religious 
organizations, interest groups, ethnic groups, and military. 
-- The role of military, intelligence, and security services 
in national policy decision-making and their control of 
government institutions and parastatals. 
-- Leadership policies and actions that cause or respond to 
political instability or economic deterioration. 
-- Leadership financial resources and personal relationships. 
-- Government and public views about and evidence of impact 
of corruption and crime on internal stability and development. 
-- Information on political stability, sources of 
instability, and nature of challenges to effective governance. 
-- Government plans and efforts to respond to threats to 
political stability; strategies for addressing underlying 
discontent. 
-- Changes inside key ministries and security forces, 
including personal dynamics, tribal politics and factions. 
-- Details on identities, motives, influence, and relations 
among principal advisors. 
-- Biographic and biometric data, including health, opinions 
toward the US, training history, ethnicity (tribal and/or 
clan), and language skills of key and emerging political, 
military, intelligence, opposition, ethnic, religious, and 
business leaders.  Data should include email addresses, 
telephone and fax numbers, fingerprints, facial images, DNA, 
and iris scans. 
 
                COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5; CONGO, 
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 4; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H 
 
           2) Rebel and Militia Groups (SRCC) 
 
-- Efforts by rebel or militia groups or non-state 
actors--especially entities such as the FDLR that contain 
Rwandans who participated in the 1994 genocide--to obtain 
control of or greater participation in national or local 
government; to obtain control of natural or financial 
resources; to integrate into the Congolese armed forces 
(FARDC) or to cooperate with the FARDC in the exploitation of 
economic resources. 
-- Extent of political influence of rebel or militia groups. 
-- Attitudes toward implementation of regional peace accords. 
-- Organization, leadership, order of battle, training, 
strategies and tactics of armed groups and factions, 
including those integrated into government. 
-- Efforts by rebel or militia groups to recruit government 
forces or demobilized troops/fighters. 
-- Indications of shifting alliances and factions. 
-- Indications of political and social infrastructure 
development by rebel and militia groups, including 
fundraising, recruitments, weapons and repair parts 
procurement, and propaganda. 
-- Public sympathy or antipathy toward rebel and militia 
groups. 
-- Evidence of influence or pressure on, or support for, 
rebel or militia groups from foreign governments, non-state 
actors, and Congolese diaspora. 
-- Infiltration and resupply routes used by rebel and militia 
groups. 
-- Evidence that drug trafficking, evasion of the Kimberly 
Process, or other criminal activities, including cyber crime, 
are used to finance the activities of rebel and militia 
groups. 
-- Evidence and impact of the presence of troops from 
neighboring countries and their proxy forces in Congo, 
particularly the Rwanda Defense Forces (RDF). 
 
                COUNTRIES: BURUNDI- PRIORITY 5; CONGO, 
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 4; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5 
                 REGIONAL REBEL GROUPS AND NON-STATE ACTORS 
WHO CARRY OUT ATROCITIES AND TERRORIST ACTIVITIES:  ALLIED 
DEMOCRATIC FORCES (ADF), DEMOCRATIC FORCES FOR THE LIBERATION 
OF RWANDA (FDLR), LORD,S RESISTANCE ARMY (LRA)-PRIORITY- 4 
 
            3) Democracy and Governance (DEPS) 
 
-- Leadership views, intentions, and actions on democratic 
reforms, to include free press, treatment of opposition 
political or ethnic groups, respect for human rights, respect 
for rule of law and independent judiciary, and fair elections. 
-- Extent/effectiveness of government control over national 
territory and over cross-border flows of people and goods. 
-- Progress of or obstacles to disarmament, demobilization, 
repatriation, and reintegration (DDRR) of ex-combatants into 
a civilian society. 
-- Structure, interaction, and role of administrative, 
judicial, and legislative organs, including indications that 
they are overshadowed by personal politics. 
-- Information on effectiveness or abuse of the electoral 
system or judiciary, including government procedures to 
maintain the integrity and secrecy of the ballot during each 
phase of balloting and vote reconciliation. 
-- Details on all aspects of the electoral process, to 
include election laws, electoral procedures, election 
monitoring, balloting, and election equipment. 
-- Details on corruption in government institutions and 
efforts to reduce it. 
-- Signs of ethnic, religious, or generational polarization 
and role of ethnic, regional or class distinctions in access 
to decision-making and natural or financial resources. 
-- Information on government improvements in infrastructure, 
including in remote regions. 
-- Ability and efforts to adhere to/evade the Kimberly 
Process, and to combat illicit finance. 
 
            COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5; CONGO, DEMOCRATIC 
REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 4; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H 
 
            4) Political Opposition (DEPS) 
 
-- Activities, plans, and intentions of political opposition 
parties and individuals; sources of funding and support. 
-- Government attempts to stifle political opposition. 
-- Alliances or factions, and evidence of links to foreign 
governments or armed groups. 
-- Political opposition party leadership, organization, 
agendas, membership, and level of influence on civil society 
and military; leadership biographic data. 
-- Opposition party regional and ethnic support areas, family 
and financial networks, key patrons and clients, and internal 
alliances and rivalries 
-- Opinions of ethnic, religious, and other groups on the 
government and political opposition. 
 
                COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5; CONGO, 
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 4; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H 
 
        B. Military and Security 
 
            1) Military Developments (FMCC) 
 
-- Military capabilities, intentions, and actions in support 
of or against existing political leadership or government 
activities. 
-- Progress of or obstacles to the integration of former 
government, rebel, and militia fighters into a new armed 
force; loyalty of units integrated from former armed 
opponents. 
-- Impact of ethnic, political, regional, or tribal divisions 
within the military and other security forces on morale, 
readiness, placement of leaders, and support for the 
government. 
-- Indications of military involvement in human rights 
abuses, recruiting of children, criminal or corrupt activity, 
or anti-government insurgency. 
-- Loyalties, cohesion, discord, rivalries, competing agendas 
or ambitions, and signs of dissension within military 
leadership, officer corps, and ranks; evidence of 
corruption/criminal activity in the military or security 
forces and effects on preparedness. 
-- Extent and effects of ethnic and political divisions 
within the military and between the military and political 
leadership. 
-- Attitudes toward AFRICOM; willingness to cooperate with 
AFRICOM. 
-- Ability and willingness to cooperate with forces from 
neighboring countries and deployed peacekeeping forces to 
manage threats. 
-- Personnel strength levels, force structure, doctrine, 
modernization plans, training, discipline, professionalism, 
morale, order of battle, logistics, combat effectiveness, and 
capabilities of military services. 
-- Details on military facilities, such as airfields and army 
camps, and on military equipment, including numbers, 
operational status, and procurement/refurbishment activity. 
-- Details about military relations with other countries, 
especially China, Libya, Sudan, North Korea, Iran, Russia, 
Ukraine, Belarus and other former Soviet bloc countries. 
-- Details about foreign military assistance and training. 
-- Attitudes toward and impact of US military training. 
-- Details on defense budget by function and service. 
-- Development and implementation of mechanisms for civil 
control of the military. 
-- Public attitudes towards the military and other security 
forces. 
 
                COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5H; CONGO, 
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 5H; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H 
 
            2) Weapons Procurement (FMCC) 
 
 -- Details of arms acquisitions and arms sales by government 
or insurgents, including negotiations, contracts, deliveries, 
terms of sale, quantity and quality of equipment, and price 
and payment terms. 
-- Transfer of strategic materials such as uranium. 
-- Information on insurgent groups' weapons and material 
entry and transshipment points, routes, and destinations. 
-- Indications of smuggling and weapons and weapons repair 
parts trafficking. 
-- Factory markings and paint/color schemes on all 
arms/weapon systems and their munitions acquired or produced 
locally. 
 
                COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5H; CONGO, 
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 5H; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H 
 
            3) Police and Paramilitary Forces (CINT) 
 
-- Non-military security force loyalties, leadership, 
capabilities, organization, size, locations, and ethnic 
composition. 
-- Roles and missions of various units. 
-- Evidence of splits within police and paramilitary forces. 
-- Evidence of contact and cooperation with rebel groups. 
-- Ability to maintain local security without intervention or 
assistance of military forces. 
-- Reports of misconduct, human rights violations, or 
involvement in illegal/illicit activities, or the misuse of 
foreign training funds or equipment. 
-- Evidence of conflict between security forces and the 
military. 
 
                COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5H; CONGO, 
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 5H; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H 
 
            4) GRPO can provide text of this issue and 
related requirements. 
 
            5) Support to US Military Contingency Planning 
(HREL) 
 
-- Details on developments that could prompt US contingency 
planning for non-combatant evacuation operations (NEO) or 
humanitarian assistance. 
-- Host nation support for evacuation or humanitarian 
assistance by US forces (AFRICOM), including host nation 
ability and willingness to protect US citizens and/or 
facilities. 
-- Government plans and capabilities to cope with 
emergencies, including civilian and military response, or to 
request or accept assistance from the US, UN, or others. 
-- Government or other organizations' plans to work with UN 
and international donor and NGO groups in relief and 
reconstruction efforts, resettlement programs, and 
development assistance. 
-- Details on obstacles to aid distribution and 
implementation of humanitarian aid programs. 
-- Details of emergency infrastructure, including locations, 
descriptions, and capabilities of military, police, and fire 
response resources. 
-- Location and description of third-country diplomatic and 
aid/NGO facilities, and of leaders' residences and alternate 
locations. 
-- Information on the character and severity of existing or 
potential future humanitarian crises resulting from natural 
disasters or from internal or regional violence. 
-- Description and locations of potential evacuation sites, 
hospitals, hotels, government installations, religious sites 
and shrines, civilian institutions including schools and 
stadiums, diplomatic facilities, educational and medical 
facilities, and culturally significant sites. 
-- Evacuation routes, including chokepoints and potential 
impediments. 
-- Volcanic activity on the Congo (Kinshasa)/Rwanda border. 
 
                COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5H; CONGO, 
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 4; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H 
 
          6) Terrorism (TERR) 
 
-- Individuals and organizations supporting international 
terrorism, including legitimate businesses and financial 
transactions, money laundering, drug trafficking, logistical 
support, cyber crime, and document forgeries. 
-- Extent to which ethnic, tribal, religious and regional 
fragmentation could serve to attract international terrorist 
groups. 
-- Evidence of transit and safe haven by transnational and 
regional terrorist groups. 
-- Vulnerability of populace to Islamic extremism. 
-- Evidence of domestic terrorist groups. 
-- Indications of funding from Gulf-based financiers or NGOs. 
 
                COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5H; CONGO, 
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 5H; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H 
                INTERNATIONAL TERRORIST GROUPS:  HIZBALLAH 
(LEBANESE)-PRIORITY 1 
                 REGIONAL REBEL GROUPS AND NON-STATE ACTORS 
WHO CARRY OUT ATROCITIES AND TERRORIST ACTIVITIES:  ALLIED 
DEMOCRATIC FORCES (ADF), DEMOCRATIC FORCES FOR THE LIBERATION 
OF RWANDA (FDLR), LORD,S RESISTANCE ARMY (LRA)-PRIORITY- 4 
 
         C. Societal Challenges 
 
            1) Refugees (DEMG) 
 
-- Government plans, policies, and efforts regarding refugees 
and internally displaced persons (IDPs). 
-- Government capability and willingness to absorb, register, 
assist, and protect refugees and IDPs. 
-- Government capability and willingness to protect and 
assist NGO and aid agency personnel. 
-- Plans and intentions of rebel forces to cooperate, hinder, 
or manipulate aid for refugees and IDPs. 
-- Indications of rebel or militia forces infiltrating 
refugee camps or groups, or using such camps/groups to mask 
their activities. 
-- Public attitudes for or against repatriation of IDPs or 
refugees. 
-- Information on neighboring country efforts regarding 
refugees and IDPs. 
-- Number, location, and size of refugee and IDP areas (to 
include hospitals, churches, and other de facto IDP areas as 
well as traditional camps); transit routes used by refugees 
and IDPs. 
-- Numbers, age, gender, ethnicity, general health and 
security conditions, nature and extent of critical needs of 
refugees and IDPs. 
-- Factors driving refugee movements; links between refugee 
movements and political and economic stability. 
-- Indications that the inability of returning refugees to 
reclaim their land is contributing to instability. 
-- Details of cross-border criminal activity, including 
travel routes and nodes, transshipment sites, communications, 
and financial facilitators, especially for human smuggling 
and trafficking. 
-- Attitudes toward women; women,s legal rights, especially 
rights to education, work, land ownership, and inheritance. 
-- Process and effects of migration and demographic shifts 
within and among regional nations, including movement from 
rural to urban areas and youth bulge. 
-- Details about geographic distribution of population and 
internal migration. 
-- Information on population density, population growth, age 
breakdowns, economic and housing characteristics, ethnic and 
religious affiliations, occupations, literacy, educational 
attainment, access to electricity, water, and sanitation. 
 
                COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5; CONGO, 
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 3; RWANDA- PRIORITY 3 
 
            2) Human Rights and War Crimes (HRWC) 
 
-- Plans, intentions, and actions of rebel and militia 
groups, federal and state government officials, military, 
intelligence and other security services, to commit human 
rights violations, including mass killings, extra judicial 
killing, forced disappearance, torture, sexually based 
violence, arbitrary arrest, police brutality, and persecution 
of minorities and ethnic factions. 
-- Indications that policies targeting civilians could be 
perceived as strategically advantageous to a government, 
rebel, or militia group. 
-- Indications of leaders, failure to instill discipline 
within armies, rebel groups, or militias that could lead to 
human rights violations and abuses. 
--  Ethnic/regional tensions that might fuel genocidal 
activity, including scapegoating or calls for violence 
against noncombatants of a particular ethnic, regional, or 
political group by government, rebel, or militia groups. 
-- Indications of mobilization or force posturing directed 
against civilians. 
-- Threats against or denial of access to media, foreigners, 
or NGOs to areas of concern. 
-- Support for or response to activities of international 
criminal tribunals, including the International Criminal 
Court. 
-- Ability and willingness of all levels of government to 
promote human rights. 
-- Details on government policies, procedures, and efforts 
regarding prevention of human rights abuses, including 
efforts to marginalize specific groups of people. 
-- Efforts of the police and military to uphold or violate 
human rights. 
-- Government intentions to follow through on investigations 
and prosecution of human rights abuses. 
-- Indications that ambiguity between civilians and 
combatants could lead to violence against civilians. 
-- Plans and activities of the government to use food, or 
other government-controlled commodities, as a political tool. 
-- Evidence of attacks or planned attacks on peacekeepers and 
humanitarian aid workers; limitations on the activities of 
NGOs. 
-- Evidence that humanitarian aid agencies are preparing for 
an increase in the number of civilian casualties or refugees. 
-- Evidence that truth and reconciliation activities or war 
crimes trials are increasing or decreasing tension or 
fostering or alleviating instability. 
-- Landmine or explosive remnant of war (ERW) casualties and 
evidence of mine stockpiling; government intentions to clear 
landmine/ERW areas. 
 
                COUNTRIES: BURUNDI- PRIORITY 4; CONGO, 
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 3; RWANDA- PRIORITY 4 
 
            3) Infectious Disease and Health (HLTH) 
 
-- Government plans, policies, and capabilities to prevent, 
control, and treat existing and emerging disease outbreaks, 
particularly HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, polio, and 
avian influenza. 
-- Details of infectious diseases and general health 
conditions including number of cases, percentage, fatalities, 
dates, and areas of occurrence. Also if possible, provide 
historical data in order to compare recent data collection. 
-- HIV statistics, including percentage of military, police 
force, and orphans that are HIV positive. 
--Information concerning the influence of traditional healers 
on infectious diseases as well as endemic health issues. 
-- Details on drug resistant strains, including malaria, 
HIV/AIDS, avian influenza, and tuberculosis. 
--Information concerning maternal and child health, in terms 
of access to prenatal care, statistics on the types of 
pregnancy-related poor outcomes related to infant and/or 
maternal morbidity/mortality, and access to well-baby clinics. 
-- Access to care information, including regions and 
populations with access to advanced levels of care and those 
without basic prevention and treatment needs. 
-- Information on medical professionals, including number of 
personnel by type (nurse, physician, midwife, etc.), medical 
specialty, and location (urban or rural). 
-- Education and training requirements for medical 
professionals; locations of institutions where training is 
available. 
-- Information on medical facilities/hospitals, including 
capabilities, personnel, training, equipment, etc.  Disaster 
response capability/plan. 
-- Details about contaminated food, water, air, and soil and 
the effect on health.  Toxic industrial chemical 
contamination, including types of industrial facilities, 
chemicals on site, and products being generated. 
-- Details on water, food, and vector-borne diseases, 
including location, prevalence, and virulence. 
-- Government efforts to protect the population from zoonotic 
(animal to human transmission capable) diseases; details on 
the stockpile and storage of vaccines. 
-- Information on drug addiction treatment facilities. 
-- Information on mental health issues, including the 
government,s willingness to report, the types and severity 
of mental health problems, and access to care. 
-- Chronic disease information, including types and access to 
treatment, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. 
 
                COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5H; CONGO, 
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 4; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H 
 
            4) Food Security and Agriculture (FOOD) 
 
-- Government policies, plans, intentions, and actions 
regarding food security and food safety, and willingness to 
cooperate with UN and other donor agencies. 
-- Nutritional status of population, including refugees. 
-- Indications that rising food prices are adversely 
affecting nutritional status and/or contributing to 
instability; use of subsidies or export/import bans. 
-- Yields and prospects for cash and subsistence crops; 
changes in agricultural practices, such as cropping patterns 
and crop selection; use/availability of seeds and fertilizers. 
-- Government acceptance of genetically modified food and 
propagation of genetically modified crops. 
-- Status of structural adjustments and infrastructure 
improvements to increase agricultural producer income and 
reduce migration to urban areas. 
-- Information on surface and groundwater resources, to 
include sources, treatment, distribution and storage. 
-- Indications that deforestation, desertification, erosion 
and degradation of soils are affecting agricultural output. 
-- Food contamination affecting population health. 
-- Indications of invasive species, especially those 
affecting food security or development. 
-- Indications of water table degradation, decreases in lake 
levels below historic norms, or evidence of territorial 
disputes associated with declining water resources or quality. 
 
                COUNTRIES: BURUNDI- PRIORITY 5; CONGO, 
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 5; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H 
 
            5) Economic Stability (ECFS) 
 
-- Overall economic status, including government plans and 
will to implement free-market reform, to ensure consistent 
regulations, and to uphold the rule of law on economic issues. 
--  Government plans and intentions to address economic 
effects of war and conflict, such as shortages of fuel, 
electric power, and food; unemployment; and wage arrears, 
particularly the inability to pay troops. 
-- Fiscal policies and investment strategies, financial and 
commercial links within and outside the region, status of 
foreign currency reserves, and positions on bilateral and 
multilateral economic issues and negotiations. 
-- Details of Chinese trade, aid, and investment activities. 
-- Public and expert perceptions of the effect on economic 
performance of corruption among government and business 
elites and of the competence of economic administrators. 
-- Policies and actions to attract foreign investment; plans 
and intentions of foreign nationals or companies to invest or 
start up new business ventures. 
-- Government strategy and objectives for engagement with 
international financial institutions--World Bank, IMF, 
African Development Bank--for loans, grants, debt management, 
and restructuring. 
-- Details on economic assistance needs and requests, 
including donors, projects, and effectiveness of current or 
proposed aid. 
-- Status of raw materials industries, including plans to 
develop/exploit resource deposits. 
-- Government plans and objectives regarding land 
reallocation; effects of land reallocation on indigenous 
population, commercial farmers, militant interest groups, and 
its impact on foreign investment. 
-- Indications of ethnic/regional tensions over resources, 
such as land and water. 
-- Details on and public perception of economic growth, 
including youth employment prospects. 
-- Statistics on economic indicators, including remittances. 
-- Details, capabilities, and potentially required repairs 
and upgrades of infrastructure and lines of communication, 
such as airfields, landing zones, river ports, rail lines, 
roads, bridges, medical facilities, and electric power, 
petroleum, and water facilities. 
 
                COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5H; CONGO, 
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 5H; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H 
 
        D. External Relations 
 
            1) Regional Relations (SRCC) 
 
-- Policy toward and relations with regional states, 
particularly with regard to ongoing conflicts, support for 
foreign dissidents, border incursions, peace negotiations, 
refugee assistance and repatriation, trade, aid, and security 
agreements. 
-- Government views and perceptions about activities and 
intentions of regional organizations, such as the African 
Union (AU), the East African Community (EAC), and other 
regional organizations. 
-- Activities of mercenaries or private security firms in 
assisting military forces or insurgencies; mercenary or 
private security firm involvement in trafficking activities. 
 
                COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5; CONGO, 
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 4; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5 
 
            2) International Relations (FPOL) 
 
-- Government leader views and policies toward the US, 
AFRICOM, and international organizations; plans and 
intentions to support or oppose US positions in international 
fora. 
-- Public and private attitudes toward the US, AFRICOM, and 
US policies. 
-- Foreign alliances and activities, especially those 
involving China and Iran. 
-- Agreements and concessions negotiated with foreign states 
and non-state actors for military, paramilitary, or economic 
assistance. 
-- Government views and perceptions about activities and 
intentions of non-regional nations and organizations, 
particularly China, Iran, France, UN, and the European Union 
(EU). 
-- Perceptions by the civilian population towards the UN, 
particularly improvements or failures of UN efforts to 
address human rights abuses by peacekeeping forces. 
-- Plans and efforts of countries or organizations to 
arbitrate or influence conflict resolution. 
-- Efforts to enforce or circumvent sanctions against Iran, 
North Korea, and terrorist groups. 
-- Political will and intentions of governments to 
participate in or support peacekeeping operations sponsored 
by regional organizations, such as ECOWAS, or by the UN, US, 
France, or other. 
-- Willingness to contribute forces to African Union (AU) 
Standby Brigade Forces (e.g. EASBRIG) and/or the will to 
provide meaningful participation in CEEAC - Economic 
Community of Central African States) 
-- Government plans, intentions, and capabilities to provide, 
train, equip, transport, maintain, supply, and fund 
international peacekeeping forces, including providing 
command, control, communications, and intelligence. 
-- Military willingness and capability to train with other 
nations in programs such as the US Africa Contingency 
Operations Training and Assistance (ACOTA) and Joint Combined 
Exercise for Training (JCET) programs, and to participate in 
peacekeeping operations. 
-- Local population relationship with foreign peacekeeping 
forces. 
-- Capabilities, attitudes, and behavior of peacekeepers from 
or stationed in regional nations, including understanding of 
and adherence to human rights standards. 
-- Government cooperation regarding rescue/recovery of 
US/allied POW/MIAs and detained/kidnapped US/allied citizens. 
 
                COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5H; CONGO, 
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 5H; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H 
 
        E. Overarching Issues 
 
            1) Media Structure and Availability (INFR) 
 
-- Government, public, and private perceptions of status of 
press freedom. 
-- Evidence of media control or manipulation, in particular 
to incite unrest, by government, opposition groups, non-state 
actors, and other groups. 
-- Details on print and broadcast media, including name, 
content, ownership, target audience, staff, broadcast 
frequency and power. 
-- Internet availability and use. 
-- Extent of, access to, and identity of, foreign television 
and radio broadcasts, and news publications. 
-- Changes to the UN commitment to provide media services in 
the eastern Congolese provinces. 
 
                COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5H; CONGO, 
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 5; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H 
 
            2) Information Systems and Telecommunications 
Infrastructure (INFR) 
 
-- Current specifications, vulnerabilities, capabilities, and 
planned upgrades to, national telecommunications 
infrastructure and information systems, command and control 
systems, networks, and technologies used by government, 
military, and private sector. 
-- Details about foreign assistance (especially Chinese) for 
improvements to the national telecommunications grid. 
-- National leadership use of, and dependencies on, dedicated 
telecommunications infrastructures and information systems. 
-- Details about national and regional telecommunications 
policies, programs, regulations, service providers, vendors, 
and training. 
-- Details about internet and intranet use, infrastructure, 
and government oversight. 
-- Plans and efforts to acquire U.S. export-controlled 
telecommunications technology. 
-- Details about information repositories for Radio Frequency 
Identification-enabled systems used for passports, government 
badges, and transportation systems. 
-- Official and personal phone numbers, fax numbers, and 
e-mail addresses of principal civilian and military leaders. 
 
                 COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5H; CONGO, 
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 5H; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H 
 
II.  Country Specific Issues 
 
    A. Mineral Resources (ENVR) 
 
-- Details on mining of diamonds, copper, cobalt, uranium, 
other minerals, and oil extraction: number and location of 
mines, production statistics and revenue generated, and 
extent of control given to China and other foreign 
governments, companies or consortiums; export statistics. 
-- Details on mineral, oil and other resource exploitation by 
rebel groups and foreign elements to include type and 
location of resources exploited, and revenue generated 
through sales, customs duties, taxation, and access control. 
-- Government ability/willingness to deal with environmental 
abuses. 
 
               COUNTRIES:  CONGO, DEMOCRATIC 
REPUBLIC-PRIORITY 5H 
 
          B. Genocidal Legacy Issues (HRWC) 
 
-- Government attitudes and intentions toward Tutsi 
survivors, Tutsis operating outside the power elite, Hutus, 
returning Hutu fighters/refugees, and Twa. 
-- Indications of increased ethnic tensions that could spark 
renewed violence. 
-- Government plans and intentions to counter ethnic violence 
or genocide; identification of government officials 
encouraging violence. 
-- Information on policies concerning human rights, 
democratization, political inclusion, reconciliation, land 
ownership and tenancy, and political prisoners. 
-- Public attitudes toward traditional judicial courts 
(gacaca) and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. 
-- Information on participation in human rights abuses, 
including extra judicial killings by Rwanda Defense Forces 
(RDF); paramilitary, including local defense forces; police, 
security forces; or Tutsi civilians against Hutus. 
-- Divisions within President Kagame's inner circle and his 
party, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF). 
-- Public attitudes toward the FDLR and subgroups; links 
between those groups and supporters outside the Great Lakes 
Region. 
-- Information about identification, location and arrest of 
such leaders. 
 
                COUNTRIES: RWANDA- PRIORITY 4 
 
 
CLINTON